Since the 1980s, China has put forward a series of proposals and initiatives for managing and settling through negotiation disputes with the Philippines in the South China Sea. China's initiative of "pursuing joint development while shelving disputes" regarding the South China Sea issue was first addressed to the Philippines. China has conducted consultations with the Philippines on managing maritime differences, and the two sides have reached important consensus on settling through negotiation relevant disputes in the South China Sea and properly managing relevant disputes.
On January 22, 2013, the Philippines unilaterally initiated the South China Sea arbitration. This initiation of arbitration aims to deny China's territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea. This course of conduct is taken out of bad faith.
In doing so, the Philippines has abused the UNCLOS dispute settlement procedures. The essence of the arbitration initiated by the Philippines is an issue of territorial sovereignty over some islands and reefs in the South China Sea, and the resolution of the relevant matters also constitutes an integral part of maritime delimitation between China and the Philippines. Land territorial issues are not regulated by UNCLOS.
UNCLOS：United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 联合国海洋法公约